Menopause comes from the Greek menos, monthly, menstruation and pausis, cessation.
Menopause is the physiological cessation of the menstrual cycle, usually occurring around 45/55 years, and is a physiological consequence of reduced hormonal production (estrogen and progesterone), by the ovaries and is associated with general modifications. It is not a disease but a natural physiological process .
It is divided into two stages, the first said pre-menopause which is the preparation and usually begins the year before the cessation of menstruation, the second is the post-menopause which is the path of stabilization after the cessation of menstruation.
There are factors that can anticipate menopause, such as smoking, hysterectomy, tubal ligation, and there are also factors that can delay this event, such as overweight, uterine fibroid, diabetes.
So with the cessation of the menstrual cycle, corresponding to the end of ovulation and estrogen production, the female body due to a natural phenomenon begins to produce less estrogen, and the metabolism slows down if you enjoy a good psycho-physical balance, this transition and 'often gradual and asymptomatic, in any case it is a very delicate moment for the woman, who is facing an important change both physical and psychological of her life.
What can the disorders be?
There may be disorders such as cystitis, urinary incontinence, leukorrhea, metrorrhagia, headache, haemorrhoids, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, palpitations, sweating, hot flushes, varicose veins, cellulite, arthrosis, joint pain, anxiety, apathy, depression, frigidity, insomnia, alterations mood, fatigue, decreased memory and concentration, overweight, dry skin, altered hair, and nails, decreased breast mass, decreased bone density, adipose tissue redistribution.
What foods can help us?
undoubtedly we always start with the nutrition that is our natural medicine of "good health". Summarily follow a diet rich in vitamins, trace elements, minerals.
Now let's see the specifics. Mainly we will have to follow a fixed rule that is to keep the intestinal ecosystem in good shape, because it is precisely the intestine that allows us a good absorption of the food we ingest. Let's see what would be good to avoid for not having some of those symptoms listed above.
Reduce the consumption of meat and animal fats, salt, limit alcoholic beverages and smoking, avoid stressful situations, pay more attention to the caloric intake of food to avoid overweight .
Instead, consume foods rich in phytoestrogens ( Isoflavones, Comedones, Lignami), a structure similar to estradiol produced by the ovaries, such as Soya, whole grains, legumes, whole wheat pasta, azuki, which contain seasonal fruit and vegetables isoflavones that give us vitamins, blackheads and minerals, Soy milk daily, olives, olive oil, linseed containing Lignami.
In addition I recommend a light physical activity constant even of only 30 minutes a day that allows us to maintain weight, helps peripheral circulation, digestion, relaxes us, helps cardiac activity, helps slow down the osteoporotic process of the bones, helps to maintaining toned muscle mass, if it is done in the evening after dinner, helps the night rest so it is very useful for those suffering from insomnia.