The white nights: a prerogative only of mothers with newborns (in fact mothers in general) or common problem? I would say "good the second".
Many of us suffer from nsomnia, and spend nights counting millions of sheep, reading long books or even ironing because we don't make noise and carry on with work for tomorrow.
Have you ever focused on its true causes ? Let's see them now, they could give us excellent ideas to solve it!
The causes of insomnia
It is a phenomenon that is as common as it is complex, both in its manifestations and in its causes.
We consider persistent insomnia, the one that has lasted for more than three weeks and that, in the long run, could harm our health as well as our mood.
We have therefore grouped together the causes of insomnia in large groups : ongoing diseases, drugs, depression, anxiety, lifestyle, food, brain.
Insomnia from diseases
The diseases whose symptoms or pain most affect sleep are:
- colds or sinusitis or asthma; gastroesophageal reflux; arthritis; backache; sleep apnea, that is the absence of breath while sleeping, which forces you to wake up to catch your breath;
- the "restless legs" syndrome (in which the unpleasant need to move your legs appears as soon as you lie down to sleep);
- The pathologies that directly cause insomnia are hyperthyroidism and Parkinson's disease ;
- As we age, some of these symptoms can aggravate and disrupt sleep .;
- During pregnancy it is frequent to suffer from insomnia, for various reasons among which often not to find the most comfortable position.
Medications can cause insomnia:
- against asthma and allergies,
- to lower blood pressure,
- antidepressants .
Insomnia from depression
Sufferers of depression often suffer from insomnia, in a sort of vicious circle because insomnia can aggravate depression. Seen from another aspect, however, insomnia can bring thoughts, images and emotions that are suffocated during the day. Stopping to listen to them can help you get out of depression and get back to sleep.
Insomnia from excessive anxiety
It occurs when "we take our thoughts to bed", the brain does not allow itself a moment of rest and instead continues to brood .
Insomnia and lifestyle
Those who work at night or on shifts can suffer from insomnia because their day-night rhythm is "unhinged": the production of the regulatory hormones of the sleep-wake cycle in fact occurs if you sleep at night and stay awake in the day; if this is not the case for work, for fun or for travel (the famous Jet-Lag ), the production of the hormone decreases, which more often regulates the sleep-wake cycle, or melatonin .
Can some bad habits also be the cause of our insomnia? Yes sure. Here are some, for example: keep the computer or tablet turned on in bed, work or exercise too much in the evening, before going to sleep; do too many afternoon naps.
Insomnia in children: is melatonin a valid remedy?
Insomnia and food
Some substances directly affect sleep causing insomnia, use it cautiously: caffeine, alcohol (the sedative effect is only initial, followed by a very disturbed sleep), nicotine (watch out for cigarettes!); abundant dinners and eaten just before sleeping.
Insomnia, what is it?
It's easy to say insomnia. If we ask a child, he will answer " insomnia is when I don't sleep ". Exactly, but there are various types, with more or less marked duration and therefore more or less worrying.
Insomnia can manifest itself in various ways: fatigue in falling asleep (usually due to excess of thoughts that do not "turn off"), sudden awakenings in the middle of the night (they can be caused by symptoms of illness or depression), or early awakening, very early in the morning without being able to go back to sleep (it also happens when you are worried about something, for example an interview, an exam ...).
Depending on how long it lasts, there are 3 types of insomnia :
- transient, if it lasts less than a month then disappears;
- in the short term, if it ends within six months from the start;
- chronic, if it has lasted for over six months.
When should I worry? If insomnia does not resolve within three to six months and becomes chronic, consult a specialist.
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